Testosterone is a male sex hormone that helps regulate many body functions. Having low testosterone levels may have an adverse effect on your health, so it’s recommended that men get their testosterone levels checked regularly after age 30, which is when testosterone in men begins to decline. By being aware of the symptoms of low testosterone and getting your levels checked, you can begin appropriately treating or reversing any negative health effects.
Testosterone is responsible for regulating the following body functions:
- Brain function and cognition
- Sex drive
- Cholesterol levels
What Is Low Testosterone?
Low testosterone, also called Low T, refers to a testosterone deficiency. Low testosterone has several causes, including:
- Age. After age 30 testosterone levels begin to decline in men, and by age 50, it’s not uncommon for a man’s testosterone level to be 50% of what it was at its highest point.
- Stress. Men who are under stress have lower levels of testosterone than men who are not.
- Certain illnesses. Illnesses, such as type 2 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease and pituitary gland problems may affect your testosterone regulation.
- Injury. Testicle injuries can cause low testosterone levels.
Signs and Symptoms of Low Testosterone
- Daytime fatigue and low energy
- Decreased sex drive
- Erectile dysfunction
- Unable to concentrate
- Decreased strength and endurance
- Loss of body hair
- Thinner muscles
- Larger breasts
Diagnosing and Treating Low Testosterone
The best way to evaluate testosterone levels is with a blood test. Because every man is different and will feel best at a particular testosterone level, a “normal” level can range from 250 to 1,100 ng/dL (nanograms per deciliter). This wide range makes it particularly important for close monitoring and adjustment during the initial phase of treatment when the most beneficial testosterone level is being found.
Hormone replacement therapy for low testosterone works to restore your testosterone to an ideal level by providing your body with bioidentical testosterone hormones. These hormones work in the same way that naturally-produced testosterone would, reducing the symptoms associated with low testosterone and helping you to feel better, healthier and more invigorated.